- Last Updated on 15.08.2018
The Mayor of the City of Monrovia, Jefferson Tamba Koijee, has urged Africans to always remember the men and women who laid down their lives for the liberation of the African continent.
Making the disclosure at the 55th anniversary celebration of ‘Africa Day’ at the Monrovia City Hall recently, Koijee noted that "it is because of their resilience we are celebrating this day."
For his part, the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU), Ibrahim M. Kamara, urged Africans to be proud of Africa Day.
He disclosed that Liberia played a major role in bringing Africa together.
He further urged Liberians to be proud of the fact that the meeting that give birth to the Organization of African Unity (OAU) that transitioned to the African Union (AU) was held in Liberia.
Meanwhile, Kamara has expressed hope in achieving a single currency in the West African Region, noting that West Africa has already achieved visa free travel.
The origin of the OAU can be traced largely to two historical conferences - the Accra conference of Independent African States held in 1958 and the Sanniquellie conference of 1959.
The Accra conference was attended by Liberia, Libya, Egypt, Morocco, Ethiopia, Sudan, Tunisia and Ghana.
It was decided in Accra that the level of cooperation among the few independent States be increased and efforts be made toward the unity of all African States.
It was also decided at the Accra conference that the struggle for African independence be made a priority by all independent States on the continent.
After the Accra meeting, President William V.S. Tubman of Liberia invited President Sekou Toure of Guinea, and Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana to a conference held in Sanniquellie, Nimba County in July 1959 to further discuss the question of African liberation, cooperation and unity.
It was decided in Sanniquellie that efforts for African freedom, cooperation, and unity be increased and the question of a United States of Africa continue to be discussed until the majority of African colonies attain independence. Four years later the OAU was founded.
The OAU sought to achieve African unity and solidarity, the cooperation of African States and people on economic and social matters, the eradication of colonialism in all its forms from Africa, the promotion of international cooperation, adherence to the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and defence of the sovereignty and independence of all sovereign African States.
The OAU was dissolved in 1990 when Namibia, the last colony in Africa gained independence.
The AU, an organization comprising all independent States was formed in 2000 as the successor to the OAU.
The AU represents the final stage in the struggle by Africans and people of African descent to restore their dignity, improve their economic and social conditions and attain full political independence.
This struggle is referred to in history as Pan Africanism.
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